We explore these questions below and provide eLearning course designers eight natural principles for creating microlearning.
Common Microlearning Misconceptions
Wrong! Microlearning isn’t a new idea. While the eLearning company Grovo received an official patent on the word”Microlearning®” in 2017, the background of the concept of microlearning dates back much further. In reality, before Grovo received its patent, a competitor, Franklin Covey Co., held the same patent because of 2006, until it died in 2017.
Many Instructional Designers new to the area of producing micro-courses think that microlearning is all about short videos and animated articles: infographics, flowcharts, presentation slides. It isn’t! As these are a couple of components that a course may contain, they don’t define microlearning.
Another frequent misconception about this powerful eLearning approach is it is a briefer version of a presentation module. As a result, many course developers take their 500-slide classes (which they have been using for years!), pair it down to 15 screens and think they’ve developed a version of the course. Not correct!
8 Basics To Follow To Produce Microlearning
Microlearning is like a race, as opposed to a marathon. While students don’t understand everything about the topic in one, long lesson, every microlearning “module,” like every leg of a relay sprint, brings them closer to the end line. So, like a relay race coach, Instructional Designers should aim every “sprint” attentively to deliver successful micro learning objectives.
Listed below are eight principles that will direct you to make microlearning adventures that are successful for the students.
1. Start At The Finish Line
Do not begin with articles designing. Rather, have a step back to see once students consume your articles, how things seem. What will your path have attained? The difficulty, or what challenge is your clients/stakeholders have addressed? How can you measure success? What behavioral traits could you have shifted –that needed strengthening changing or imparting?
Now, it’s time to work your way!
2. Produce Your Microlearning Lesson Plans
At this point, you understand what learners need. It’s time to choose how your learning strategies will deliver on these requirements. This step is similar to producing traditional learning material. On the other hand, the fact that you don’t have the luxury of time will mostly influence your choice of content.
Micro-learners learn differently, so resist the urge to stick with lesson plan-building approaches in which you knit all applicable content to one module. Instead, plan classes around “micro-concepts” –logically deconstructing and organizing related theories or principles which would typically form one lesson.
3. Chunk It Up
This is where the rubber hits the road to robust microlearning development. Your lesson program may have three micro-concepts. That doesn’t mean that your micro-learners have an hour to experience every module that is microlearning.
Take guidance from the cognitive load theory by Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin, proposed in 1968, which essentially states that students have limited mental “bandwidth” Therefore, students will successfully get, process, comprehend, and keep quantities of new info. Usually, microlearning modules should not exceed five to ten minutes in length.
4. Spread Microlearning Out
This principle is rooted in German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus’s “Forgetting Curve,” which states that the average learner forgets a great deal of recently discovered new content soon after being exposed to such material.
So, instead of using the “one and done” approach (find one micro-module and proceed onto another one!), arrange your microlearning have a review/recap of it at the next classes, then just like a TV serial: Educate a notion once. Ideally, have students revisit material from prior micro-modules in two days, two weeks, and two months so that they receive “learning fosters” over that moment.
5. Use A Mix Of Mediums
Every student learns. That is why psychologists have tagged learners into four broad learning styles: visual, auditory, reading/writing, and kinesthetic. To benefit from the science behind learning styles, designing your articles through a mix of media, such as infographics, videos, text, and sound files.
6. Make It Mobile
Building on the prior principle pick the formats of your articles that are microlearning. Will discourage students from swallowing them.
7. Reinforce And Test Frequently
One way to make sure your micro-content delivers its learning objectives is to verify that the student has, in reality, understood, and retained theories from the module that is microlearning. Instructional Designers will be wise to inject reinforcements and frequent revisions along the way because each module is shorter compared to traditional learning material.
Having a 1-minute recap and a test will go a very long way.
8. Don’t Be Too Easy
Because microlearning revolves around briefer material modules, it doesn’t mean Instructional Designers must oversimplify theories and principles. Do not dumb down it because of time limits. That will conquer the aim of imparting essential knowledge.
One method to not oversimplify complicated subject matter and teach multifaceted topics in bursts is to revisit the material itself. Because a picture paints a thousand words, perhaps you can substitute five slides of text into a single infographic or a 5-minute video which illustrates the concept or concept.
Assessments simpler for students to ace and another part of this principle of microlearning that being successful is not intended to make quizzes. And the very best way whether a student has understood the thoughts of the modules that are microlearning tried to impart to evaluate is to administer challenging tests and tests that gauge that comprehension.
Smaller Footprint, Bigger Impact
Decades of irrefutable research that is psychological define the theories and principles of microlearning.
The eight principles for successful microlearning development revolve around the human mind works, how it learns, understands, and retains ideas and new notions. They also have a significant impact on learning ability, though micro-courses come with a small footprint.
If you would like to find out more about designing successful eLearning solutions, get a copy of the Instructional Design for eLearning: the essential guide for developing successful eLearning books.